当前村寨:阿昌族 <<网站首页 <<民俗村寨

村寨介绍

阿昌族是云南省的独有民族之一,主要分布在德宏州的陇川、梁河、潞西等县,人口3.5万,民间多信奉鬼神、祖先的原始宗教,一些地区也信仰小乘佛教。阿昌族为氐羌后裔,其先民公元2世纪即进入滇西北怒江流域,其中一部分约在13世纪定居于现陇川县户撒坝子,另一部分其后定居于梁河地区。阿昌族工匠生产的“户撒刀”有长刀、短刀和藏刀等,品种繁多,精致美观,品质优良,历来行销于省内、川藏等地及缅甸等国。

阿昌族寨以一幢合院系建筑为主体,与寨门、手工作坊等建筑互为呼应,青瓦砖墙,石础抬柱,颇具特色。

      One of the indigenous ethnic groups of Yunnan Province and with a population of 35,000, the Achang minority people mainly inhabit the Longchuan, Lianghe andLuxi counties of Yunnan’s Dehong Prefecture. Most of the Achang minority people believe in ghosts and gods, andworship a kind of primitive religion inherited from their ancestors, while someAchang people in a number of Yunnanareas also worship the Hinayana or Little Vehicle Buddhism.  Descendants of the Diqiang Tribe, ancestorsof the Achang people migrated to the NujiangRiver reaches in Northwest Yunnan in the 2nd century.  Part of them settled down in the Husa Basinof the present-day Longchuan County in the 13thcentury, and the rest built their homes in Lianghe area in later times.  The skillful blacksmiths of the Achangminority group are good at forging the reputed “Husa knives” in many shapesincluding swords, daggers and the Tibetan knives.  Thanks to their refined workmanship and topquality, the Husa knives have been selling well since historical times not onlyin Yunnan, but also in the Chinese SichuanProvince and the Tibetan AutonomousRegion, as well as in Myanmarand many more Asian countries.

      Typicalbuildings of the Achang people feature compound-style architectures.   With blue tiles, brick walls and stonecolumns, such buildings have harmoniously blended with the adjacentarchitectures such as village gates and handicraft workshops.